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CTV News | 06Oct2013 | Steve Rennie

UN fact-finder arrives in Canada to survey concerns of Aboriginal Peoples

[W.Z.  Of historical relevance to this article is the 2001 Truth Commission Report spearheaded by Rev. Kevin Annett, which we have archived as a pdf file in this directory and provided a link below. Of recent relevance are the articles  of Mary Welch and Pamela Palmeter, which discuss the lack of treatment of Canada's aboriginal policies within the Canadian Museum of Human Rights. (The plethora of terminologies such as Indians, Indian bands, Indian Act, Native Canadians, First Nations, Aboriginal Peoples, Indigenous Peoples, etc. complicates discussion of the genocidal nature of colonial occupation. Perhaps the lates incarnation of Indegenous peoples or Indigenous Canadians will become popularized.) ]

OTTAWA -- A United Nations fact-finder is set to take stock of the plight of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada.

The UN has dispatched law professor James Anaya to speak to First Nations representatives and government officials as he drafts a report for the world body.

"The idea is to get a first-hand view of the situation of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada by hearing directly from as many as I can," he said in a telephone interview.

As the UN's special rapporteur on indigenous rights, Anaya is responsible for promoting laws and policies that support indigenous peoples around the world. He will also look at their living conditions and issue reports and recommendations.

The rapporteur has no binding authority. Rather, he aims to shame governments into action by bringing unacceptable conditions to light.

The federal government will get a chance to respond to Anaya's findings before a final report is circulated and presented next year to the UN Human Rights Council.

The report will include recommendations for the federal government, First Nations and possibly other groups.

The nine-day trip -- which begins Monday and ends Oct. 15, 2013 -- will see Anaya visit both small rural communities and big cities. He will also spend time in Ottawa meeting federal representatives from several government departments and agencies.

One issue bound to come up in his discussions is resource development on First Nations land.

Without talking specifically about Canada, Anaya said companies and governments are starting to realize that major energy projects need the co-operation of First Nations.

"On a global scale, yes, absolutely we've seen a clear trend in that direction among the major mining and oil companies in particular," he said.

"You see a clear trend toward greater awareness of the need for there to be consultation with indigenous peoples and agreements with indigenous peoples if resource extraction or development is going to take place within their territories."

That realization is seemingly being borne out in Canada with the recent trip to British Columbia by a cadre of senior government officials to listen to First Nations concerns over the proposed Northern Gateway pipeline and other energy projects.

In some cases, Anaya said, companies may have no choice but to significantly alter or even shelve projects that infringe on the rights of First Nations.

Anaya's fact-finding trip has been a long time coming. He first requested permission to make an official visit to Canada in February 2012.

"I hesitate to draw any conclusions from these kinds of things. It often takes time for governments to get back to me on requests," he said.

"There are different factors that come into play. So there's no way of knowing what all those factors are and how they weigh against each other and against my request."

He had to reschedule his trip, originally set for Oct. 12-20, 2013 after Prime Minister Stephen Harper prorogued Parliament.

The head of the Assembly of First Nations said he hopes Anaya's visit will shed light on some of the hardships endured by Aboriginal Peoples.

"What this moment represents, in my view, is a moment to hold a mirror up to the country and reflect back the kinds of real challenges," Shawn Atleo said.

"It's a truth-telling moment, if you will."




The Untold Story of the Genocide of Aboriginal Peoples by Church and State in Canada 01Feb2001; Rev. Kevin Annett, Royce and Lydia White Calf