Wizeus > perfidy > butler20050601StalinRoosevelt.html

My Dear Mr. Stalin: The Complete Correspondence of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph V. Stalin
by Susan Butler (2005)

Publisher: Yale University Press (2005)
ISBN-13: 978-0-300-10854-5 (cloth : alk. paper)
ISBN-10: 0-300-10854-0 (10-digit)

In the 32-page Introduction to My Dear Mr. Stalin, Susan Butler summarizes the gist of the letters between Roosevelt/Churchill and Stalin during WW2 and in the 294-page Corrrespondence section she often describes the background context of this correspondence. Unfortunately, she was presumably unaware that many of the personalities mentioned in her book were Soviet agents, Communists and/or communist sympathizers, as revealed by Stanton Evans and Herbert Rommerstein in their 2012 book titled "Stalin's Secret Agents". [See Book Review.]

[The important role of these subversive individuals is demonstrated by the number of "hits" from a name search of the text: Harry Hopkins (69), Philip Faymonville (32), Joseph E. Davies (55), Averell Harriman (152), George Marshall (40), Henry Morgenthau (3), Henry Wallace (2). Not mentioned in the book are Alger Hiss, Harry Dexter White and Canadian Lauchlin Currie.]

Annoyingly, Ms. Butler (as well as Roosevelt and Churchill) consistently refer to the inhabitants of the Soviet Union as Russians. "The" Ukraine or Ukrainians are mentioned only 12 times:
p18 -- "Just before the German invasion, Steinhardt mistakenly advised Washington that the Ukrainians would not fight for Russia and that “the Stalinist regime could not survive any invasion.”"
p28 -- "In return, Roosevelt agreed that the Soviet Union could have two extra nation members in the General Assembly: Byelorussia and the Ukraine, a position that Churchill, knowing that Great Britain could count on the five votes of its dominions (and relying on the concurrence of Canada and Australia as well), strongly supported."
p44 -- "In mid-September the Wehrmacht encircled Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine, and captured an estimated 400,000 Russian troops."
p201 -- "“Views of your Government as outlined by Mr. Molotov” included the refusal of the Polish government in London to accept the Curzon Line, recommended by the Allies after World War I as the frontier, instead insisting on the frontier established by the Riga Treaty of 1921, which gave Poland the western Ukraine and western Byelorussia, as well as to the Poles’ calls for further investigation of the Katyn massacre."
p204 -- "Within four months three airfields expressly built for this purpose in the Ukraine -- at Poltava, Mirgorod, and Pyryatin -- were ready."
p207 -- "In a recent operation in the Ukraine the Soviet army had eliminated thirty-five thousand German troops and broken through into Romania."
p207 -- "We have been following with keen interest and deep satisfaction the recent successes of your troops, especially in the Ukraine and in the Northwest."
p252 -- "The American request for approval for a shuttle mission of American bombers from England to drop arms to the Warsaw defenders, bomb nearby German targets, and land in the Ukraine had been turned down.
p256 -- "You, of course, know that for instance the Ukraine, Byelorussia which area constituent parts of the Soviet Union, by the number of their population and by their political importance are surpassing certain countries in respect to which all of us agree that they should belong to the number of initiators of the establishment of the International Organization."
p294 -- "We have agreed, and I shall certainly carry out that agreement, to support at the forthcoming United Nations Conference the admission of the Ukrainian and White Russian Republics as members of the Assembly of the World Organization."
p296 -- "I entirely agree with you that, since the number of votes for the Soviet Union is increased to three in connection with the inclusion of the Soviet Ukraine and Soviet White Russia among the members of the assembly, the number of votes for the USA should also be increased."
p298 --"General Deane requested of General [K. D.] Golubev, administrator of the Russian Repatriation Commission, permission to send small contact teams as close behind the Russian lines in Poland as possible and to fly in medical supplies to the American hospital at Poltava in the Ukraine. Golubev, constantly revising his figures as to how many American prisoners there were, finally, hesitantly, on February 19 told Deane that Odessa, in the Ukraine, had to be the assembling point for released Americans and allowed one small group of American officers to go to one location in Poland: Lublin."

Although Ukraine was absent, or perhaps even negative, in the mindset of Roosevelt and Churchill, Poland was very high on their agenda. This was because there were several million voters of Polish origin in the United States and the Polish government-in-exile was located in London. The Polish Diaspora was very influential -- they wanted Western Ukraine back; whereas Stalin was adamant that Western Ukraine would be incorporated into the Soviet Union. We have grouped references to Poland below under three headings: KATYN FOREST MASSACRE (execution of 15,000 interned Polish officers in April 1940), POLAND-GERMAN-SOVIET BORDERS (Oskar Lange proposes that Western Ukraine be exhanged for parts of Eastern Prussia) and POLAND-SOVIET BORDER (Stalin defies Roosevelt/Churchill, demonizes the Polish Diaspora and imposes his own Communist government in Poland).

Ms. Butler emphasizes and the letters clearly demonstrate the pro-Stalin and pro-Soviet orientation of Roosevelt and his administration (obviously with the help of Soviet agents under Kremlin control). Secondly, she emphasizes and the correspondence demonstrates the absolutely massive material aid that the United States, as well as Britain and her Dominions, sent to the Soviet Union. Most historians agree that without this aid the Red Army could not have withstood the German onslaught.

One final note. In his letters, Roosevelt repeatedly refers to the heroism of the Red Army in its battles against German forces. Is it "heroism" to have penal units armed with machine guns behind the Russian front line to "discourage" terrified soldiers from retreating? Is it heroism to dragoon young boys -- untrained and unarmed -- to act as human minesweepers in advancing toward the German defensive positions? Stalin and the Red Army commanders simply used the ordinary Soviet soldier as cannon fodder. It is small wonder that the death toll in the Red Army was so high.

Will Zuzak; 2013.06.21

Foreward Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
- Schlesinger argues that Roosevelt was not mentally incapacitated by his illness at the Tehran and Yalta Conferences -- quoting Averell Harriman, Chip Bohlen (American interpreter) and Valentin Berezhkov (Soviet Russian Interpreter). He claims that Roosevelt wanted to prevent American return to isolationism and supported the establishment of the United Nations. Obviously, Mr. Schlesinger is a  Roosevelt apologist trying to deflect and minimize the damning contents of the book.

- Among the people acknowleged are: "John Lukacs and Arthur Schlesinger, Jr." and "Samuel Clapp and Simon Sebag Montefiore for their invaluable advice".

- The Roosevelt-Stalin correspondence was deliberately kept in obscurity for 60 years, because "following Roosevelt’s death the Cold War was upon the world, and the last thing anyone wanted to read about was how Roosevelt had helped the Soviet Union beat Germany".
- Roosevelt "asked the Soviet ambassador in Washington, Constantin Oumansky, to give him a list of the things that the Soviets most desperately needed to defend their country".
- Roosevelt "goes to extraordinary lengths, disregarding the advice of the many government officials who did not approve of his accommodating posture, in his resolve to forge a relationship between the two countries that will survive the war".
- Gen. John R. Deane: "For some reason our President often kept our Chiefs of Staff in the dark on these matters until the die was cast."
- "Access to the Map Room was limited to Harry Hopkins and Admiral Leahy." [W.Z. Keep in mind that Hopkins was a Soviet agent.]
- "Roosevelt threw his weight into making sure that the United States fed, clothed, and armed the Soviet Army and supplied the tools and raw materials it needed to rebuild its factories. The U.S. aid to the Soviets was on a huge scale."
- "Harry Hopkins, who earlier had served as head of the Works Progress Administration and the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, as well as secretary of commerce, was the administrator of Lend-Lease and lived in the White House." "General Burns in turn chose Col. Philip R. Faymonville to head Lend-Lease in Moscow and work out Russian priorities." "Joseph E. Davies disagreed; he wrote to Roosevelt in 1939 that Faymonville was so effective that if the United States established a secret liaison for the interchange of military and naval information on east Asia with the Soviet government (which was under consideration), Faymonville should be the Moscow representative."
- From pages 14 to 16 Susan Butler outlines the massive aid the United States provided the Soviet Union.

For the rest of the Introduction until page 32, Susan Butler describes the interaction between the various personalities on both the Russian and American sides. (Since this book was written in 2005, she was presumably unaware that many of the personalities discussed were Soviet agents as revealed in the book of Romerstein and Evans titled "Stalin's Secret Agents: The Subversion of Roosevelt's Government" and published on 13Nov2012.)

- Stalin refused to believe evidence indicating a German attack on 22Jun1941, went into a period of defeatism -- "Everything's lost. I give up." -- , but at the urging of Molotov, Voroshilov, Beria and others, he resurfaced with a speech calling on Russians to defend their country on 03Jul1941.
- "The bulk of the Soviet Air Force -- almost 1,000 planes -- was destroyed on the ground." "By mid-July 2 million Russian soldiers had been killed and another 300,000 captured. On July 21, 1941 Roosevelt put Maj. Gen. James H. Burns, whom Hopkins called a “doer,” in charge of Lend-Lease to Russia. On July 23, upon receipt of a $22 million Russian wish list, Roosevelt directed his appointments secretary Gen. “Pa” Watson to “get the thing through” within two days."
- Roosevelt sent Harry Hopkins [Soviet agent] to meet with Stalin on 30/31Jul1941 to discuss the military aid that the United States could offer.
- Finland controversy.
- 14Aug1941 "Atlantic Charter" statement of Roosevelt and Churchill following Argentia Bay, Newfoundland Conference. -- Sent to Moscow via American and British ambassadors.
- 28/30Sep1941, Averell Harriman and Lord Beaverbrook in Moscow (with Germans at the doorstep) and signed Moscow Protocol on 01Oct1941.
- Averell Harriman attacks Major Ivan Yeaton for defeatist attitude and refers to optimism of Faymonville [Soviet agent].
- 13Oct1941 FDR to Stalin: shipping 94 light tanks, 72 medium 32-ton tanks; 100 bombers and 100 fighter planes; 5,500 trucks; barbed wire.
- Circa 15Oct1941, 498 companies and 210,000 workers evacuated from Moscow; Soviet government moved to Kuibyshev.
- "... shipments up to the value of one billion dollars may be made under the Lend Lease act."
- 31Oct1941 FDR to Stalin: List of 64 items to be supplied including trucks (5,600 immediately + 10,000 per month thereafter), nickel, electrolytic zinc (full amount + 750 tons monthly thereafter), ferrosilicon (300 tons monthly), ferrochrome (200 tons monthly), armor plate (1,000 tons monthly), hard alloys and cutting tools ($100,000 monthly), high-speed steel (100 tons monthly), tool steel (500 tons monthly), steel alloy tubes (200 tons monthly), stainless steel wire (20 tons monthly), nickel chrome wire (20 tons monthly), toluel (2,000 tons monthly + 10,000 tons of TNT), phenol (400 tons + 750 tons monthly), dibutil-phalate (400 tons + 300 tons monthly), dimethylanaline (100 tons monthly, later 200 tons monthly), diphenylamine (100 tons monthly), electric furnaces (140 pieces + more later), forgings and press equipment (627 pieces + more later), army boots (200,000 monthly), army cloth (one million yards of woolen overcoat cloth).
- 04Nov1941 Stalin to FDR: Thanks Harriman and Beaverbrook for successful Moscow aid conference; thanks for one billion dollar interest-free loan.
- 05Nov1941Ambassador Steinhardt replaced. "Within weeks Oumansky, too, was gone, replaced by Maxim Litvinov, with whom Roosevelt had negotiated the recognition of the Soviet government. Litvinov, like Oumansky, was Jewish."
- 06Nov1941: medical supplies via American Red Cross.
- 14Dec1941/17Dec1941 -- Exchange of letters proposing Chungking Conference consisting of Chinese (Chiang Kai-shek), Soviet, British, Dutch and American representatives. Declined by Stalin.
- 09Feb1941 FDR to Stalin: shipments of 244 fighter planes, 24 B-25s, 233 A-20s, 408 medium tanks and 449 light tanks; troubles with Japanese in Far East.
- 12Feb1942 FDR to Stalin: Admiral William Standley appointed as ambassador to Moscow; an additional $1 billion interest-free loan to Soviet Union.
- Stalin kept pressing Roosevelt and Churchill to recognize the enlarged boundaries of the USSR as of 1941 including Western Ukraine, Baltic States and parts of Finland and Romania -- Roosevelt refused, but Churchill was willing.
- Roosevelt mollified Stalin with SLEDGEHAMMER proposal to open second front in fall of 1942 and by 15Apr1942 the British had agreed to cross-channel invasion.
- From January to April 1942 German submarines sank 1.2 million tons of shipping destined for the Soviet army. From April through June 84 ships left for Murmansk of which 44 got through, 17 were forced to unload cargo in Scotland and 23 were destroyed.
- 29May1942 Molotov arrived at the White House to discuss SLEDGEHAMMER; left 06Jun1942.
- 06Jun1942 Battle of Midway in which U.S. dive bombers sank four of Japan’s six fleet-class carriers and sent three hundred Japanese planes down in flames. (First Japanese naval defeat in 350 years.)
- "On June 10, 1942 the Germans announced that they had leveled the village of Lidice in Czechoslovakia, killed all its inhabitants and extinguished its name, in return for the killing in Prague of Reinhard Heydrich, deputy chief of the Gestapo. The German Army continued its policy of killing and committing atrocities as it marched across Russia."
- 17Jun1942 - 02Aug1942: Discussions of transferring U.S. airplanes from Nome, Alaska to Lake Baikal (Krasnoyarsk) in Siberia. (Stalin pointed out that U.S. gasoline-fueled tanks were very susceptable to fire in contrast to diesel-fueled tanks.)
- 05Jul1942 FDR to Stalin: Field Marshal Erwin Rommel captured Tobruk, Libya and 33,000 British troops on 21Jun1942, then proceeded to advance on Egypt. FDR requested that 40 A-20 bombers destined for Russia be transferred from Iraq to the battle in Egypt. Stalin concurred.
- 05Aug1942: Because of British opposition and the situation in North Africa, Roosevelt abandoned project SLEDGEHAMMER and replaced it with project TORCH in North Africa.
- 08Aug1942 Roosevelt wants to send Wendell Willkie, leader of Republican Party, to the Near East, Middle East and to the Soviet Union to deflate "isolationists".
- 12Aug1942 Churchill arrives in Moscow with Harriman to inform Stalin of abandonment of SLEDGEHAMMER in favour of TORCH in Noth Africa. "When
Churchill told Stalin about the U.S. bombing campaign against Germany which was just starting, Stalin said that homes as well as factories should be targeted."
-18Aug1942 FDR to Stalin: Apologies for not attending Moscow Conference. "In the meantime, over 1,000 tanks will leave the United States in August 1942 for Russia, and other critical supplies, including airplanes, are going forward."
- [W.Z. Curiously, there is no mention of the Dieppe Raid on the northern coast of France on 19Aug1942 during which a large number of Canadians died.]
- 23Aug1942, Germans attacked Stalingrad with incendiary bombs. By 13Sep1942 German tanks were in the center of the city, before 10,000 Russian reinforcements arrived. Stalemate.
- 07Oct1942 Stalin to FDR: Every month Stalin wants 500 fighter planes, 8 to 10 thousand trucks, 5,000 tons of aluminum, 4 to 5 thousand tons of explosives. Also, two million tons of wheat, fats, food concentrates and canned meat. German air supremacy: "The practice of the war has shown that the most gallant troops become powerless if they are not shielded from the air."
- 11Oct1942 and 14Oct1942 FDR to Stalin: Will try to increase production of Airocobra fighter planes. "Our heavy bombardment group has been ordered mobilized immediately for the purpose of operating on your southern flank." Will supply trucks (8 to 10 thousand per month), explosives (4000 in November + 5000 per month), wheat (2 million tons), canned meats (10,000 tons per month), meat (15,000 tons per month), lard (12,000 tons per month), vegetable oil (10,000 tons per month), soap stock (5,000 tons per month).
- 14Oct1942 -- General Chuikov in Stalingrad stated that it was “the bloodiest and most ferocious day in the whole battle.”
- 19Oct1942 Stalin to FDR: "The whole business now entirely a matter of your cargoes reaching the Soviet Union within the time stated."
- 14Nov1942 Stalin to FDR: (Roosevelt sent Major General Patick Hurley, ambassador to New Zealand, to visit Stalin to convince New Zealand and Australia that Hitler should be defeated first before concentrating on the Japanese.) Stalin acknowledges receiving Hurley and is preparing a winter campaign against the Germans.
- 19Nov1942 Stalin launches a one million man counter attack against the Germans in Stalingrad, encircling the Germans within five days. German reinforcements were unable to break through to rescue the encircled Germans. "The United Press correspondent Henry Shapiro, allowed in for a few days after the ring was closed, noted that “a fairly high proportion of the food was American -- especially lard, sugar and spam,” but that he saw only an occasional American jeep or tank."
- 02Dec1942 FDR to Stalin: proposes a meeting in Iceland or Alaska in January 1943, but 06Dec1942 Stalin declines and on 08Dec1942 Roosevelt counters with a 01Mar1943 date but on 14Dec1942 Stalin again declines.
-16Dec1942 FDR to Stalin: offers to send units of American planes with pilots and crews to the Stalingrad area, but on 18Dec1942 Stalin replies that this is no longer necessary and for the Americans to just send fighter planes to Russia and send the pilots and crews to fight the Germans in North Africa.
- 30Dec1942 FDR to Stalin: proposes to supply Red Army with 100 four-engine bombardment planes in case of Japanese attack, but on 05Jan1943 Stalin states that he needs these planes on the Western front. On 08Jan1943 Roosevelt persists. On 09Jan1943, Roosevelt states "I have arranged that two hundred C-47 transport planes be assigned to you in January."
- 25Jan1943 FDR/Churchill to Stalin: Roosevelt and Churchill met in Casablanca on 14Jan1943 at which they planned their war strategy for 1943. ("More pleasing to Stalin was Roosevelt’s surprise announcement that the United States was calling for unconditional surrender of Germany, Japan, and Italy.")
- 31Jan1943: Because Hitler refused to give order to retreat, Field Marshal Paulus was forced to surrender with 92,000 soldiers to the Russians. "Altogether, 500,000 Russians and 200,000 Germans had died at Stalingrad." On 04Feb1943 Roosevelt sent congratulations, which Stalin acknowledged on 05Feb1943.
- 09Feb1943 Churchill to Stalin: Plans as to the invasion of Sicily-Italy for 1943 (as amended by Roosevelt).
- 16Feb1943 Stalin to FDR: Disappointed in the Anglo-American setback in Tunisia (after which Lloyd Fredenall was replaced by George Patton), which allowed Hitler to transfer forces to the Soviet-German front. Urges a European invasion as early as possible to reduce the German resistance to the Soviet army. On 22Feb1943 Roosevelt acknowledges Stalin's letter and congratulates Red Army on its 25th anniversary.
- 16Mar1943 Stalin to FDR: Chastises Anglo-American efforts in North Africa, which allowed Germans to transfer 36 divisions (including 6 armoured) to the Soviet-German front. Despite Anglo-American promises to open a second front in Europe in 1942 or the latest in the spring of 1943, the Sicily invasion has been postponed until June 1943. Stalin still wants an invasion of France.

KATYN FOREST MASSACRE -- Page 122 (143 of 382)
"In late September 1939, the Red Army took some fifteen thousand Polish soldiers from prisoner-of-war camps and later killed [in April 1940] many of the officers. They buried forty-five hundred of the officers in the Katyn Forest near Smolensk." [...] "As the Germans retreated in April 1943, they announced that they had found the bodies of the thousands of Polish officers, all of whom had been shot in the back of the head, and charged that the Russians had killed them in 1940". [...] "Faced with a demand for an investigation by the International Red Cross, an investigation that the Soviets could not control and which would certainly have led to the truth, Stalin severed relations with the Polish government-in-exile."

[W.Z.  In Septermber 1939, the Red Army interned several hundred thousand Polish soldiers in prisoner of war camps -- the officers were separated for later execution; the ordinary soldiers were eventually sent to Siberia. (One of these soldiers was Galyna's father, Anton Shevchuk from Kostopol (Rivno oblast) Ukraine, who ended up in Omsk.) After Hitler attacked the Soviet Union on 22Jun1941 and the Soviet Union became one of the "Allies", Stalin allowed many of these men to be transfered via Iran/Palestine to join Anders Army (creation of the Polish government-in-exile in London) under British command. The Roosevelt-Stalin letters on this issue reveal the hypocrisy of Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill and the Western news media.]

- 21Apr1943 Stalin to FDR: After protesting "the campaign of calumny against the Soviet Union" by the Polish diaspora and Western press and claiming that the Katyn Forest massacres were perpetrated by the Germans themselves, Stalin announces that he is severing relations with the Polish Government-in-exile.
- Cordell Hull wrote a memo for Roosevelt on the issue, which prompted a 26Apr1943 message from Roosevelt urging Stalin "to label your action as a suspension of conversation with the Polish Government in exile rather than a complete severance of diplomatic relations." He further states "Also I am inclined to think that Churchill will find ways and means of getting the Polish Government in London to act with more common sense in the future."
- 29Apr1943 Stalin to FDR: It is too late, since "the Soviet Government was obliged to take a decision for the severance of relations with the Polish Government on April 25. 1943." Stalin concurs that Churchill will talk sense into the Poles and then adds the following hypocritical paragraph:
"As regards Polish subjects in the Soviet Union and their further destinies, I can assure you that the Soviet authorities have always treated them as friends and comrades, and will continue to do so in the future. It is, therefore, clear that there is not, nor can be, any question of their being deported from the Soviet Union. Should they themselves wish to leave the USSR, the Soviet authorities which have never put obstacles in the way of this, do not intend to do so in future, and will render them all possible assistance."

- 05May1943 FDR to Stalin: transmitted by Joseph E. Davies on 20May1943, proposing a private meeting between them without Churchill (but with Harry Hopkins [Soviet agent]!) somewhere near the Bering Straits. "Mr. Litvinov is the only other person with whom I have talked about it." [The naivety and hypocrisy of Roosevelt is unbelievable! He even later denied to Churchill that he had sent this message.]

- 18May1943 FDR to Stalin: reporting Axis losses in North Africa from 08Dec1940 to 12May1943 as 625,000 personnel, 2,100 tanks, 7,596 planes (plus 1,748 probable and 4,499 damaged), 625 ships (2,200,000 tons sunk), 371 ships damaged (1,600,000 tons) and 150,000 Italian personnel. [W.Z. Why would Roosevelt report to Stalin? Why glorify death and destruction?]

- 24May1943 Davies to FDR: transmitting Stalin's demands for four oil refinery plants, 25,000 tons of components for aviation fuel, airplanes.
- 26May1943 Stalin to FDR: "a new large-scale offensive of Hitlerites is to be expected on the Soviet-German front." "but we experience a shortage of airplanes and aircraft fuel." "Therefore I would suggest that our meeting should be arranged in July or in August." at a location to be communicated by Mr. Davies.

- After sixty B-24 Liberator planes were transferred from the Pacific to the North Atlantic, 43 German submarines were sunk in May 1943, such that Admiral Donitz suspended U-boat operations on 22May1943 and "In the next four months 3,546 cargo ships crossed the Atlantic with not one casualty."

- 02Jun1943 FDR to Stalin: outlining Anglo-American war plans; eliminating the German U-boat menace; increase the civilian bombing of Germany. ("the growth of the United States heavy bomber force in England from some 350 planes in March to approximately 700 today with a schedule calling for 900 June 30, 1,150 September 30 and 2,500 April 1. The British bomber force will be constantly increasing."); percipitating the collapse of Italy.

- 11June1943 Stalin to FDR: Complaining bitterly "That is the opening of the second front in Western Europe which was postponed already from 1942 to 1943, is being postponed again, this time until spring 1944."
- 16Jun1943 FDR to Stalin: deliver from U.S. and Canada an extra 5,000 tons primary aluminum monthly and 1,000 tons secondary aluminum monthly.
- 16Jun1943 FDR to Stalin: additional 600 advanced P-40N fighter planes to be delivered in 1943 + additional 78 B-25 bombers.

- 24Jun1943 Stalin to Roosevelt/Churchill: in reply to Churchill's earlier justification of Anglo-American war plans. Once again Stalin complains about Anglo-American decision to postpone European invasion until 1944. Stalin points out "the tremendous sacrifices of the Soviet armies in comparison with  the [minimal] sacrifices of the Anglo-American forces."

- On 05Jul1943 the German offensive at Kursk began -- involving two million men and six thousand tanks, which the Red Army repulsed.
- On 10Jul1943 offensive in Sicily began; Patton entered Palermo 12 days later; 25Jul1943 Italian government fell; Mussolini arrested; surrender negotiations began.
- 08Aug1943 Stalin to FDR: "Soviet Armies repelled the July offensive, recaptured Orel and Belgorod." Stalin says that he cannot attend a meeting with Roosevelt as he promised Davies, suggests a later meeting in Astrakhan or Archangel and would not object if Churchill were present. Stalin congratulates Roosevelt on the successful attack on Sicily and the collapse of the Mussolini regime.

- 17Aug1943: Quebec Conference with Roosevelt, Churchill and Mackenzie King attending.
- 18Aug1943 Churchill/Roosevelt to Stalin: reporting from Quebec Conference; do not like Astrakhan or Archangel and suggest Fairbanks as location of meeting; Sicily invasion successful with 18,000 Anglo-Americans killed or wounded, 23,000 German and 1,000 Italian dead and wounded, 130,000 prisoners.
- 19Aug1943 Roosevelt/Churchill to Stalin: Report on Italian negotiations; negotiations with Portuguese to obtain naval and air facilities in Azores.
- 22Aug1943 Stalin to Roosevelt/Churchill: complaining about being left out of Italian negotiations and not receiving information.

- On 23Aug1943 Kharkiv was captured by the Red Army.
- 24Aug1943 Stalin to Churchill/Roosevelt: declining the Fairbanks location for a tri-partite meeting; acknowledging receipt of information on Italian negotiations.
- 25Aug1943 Roosevelt/Churchill to Stalin: Decisions of Quebec Conference include increasing bomber offensive against Germany; buildup of American forces in United Kingdom; eliminate Italy from Axis alliance; supply Balkan guerrillas [Tito's communists rather than Serbian Chetniks] by air and sea transport; accelerate operations against Japan.

- Stalin recalled ambassadors Ivan Maisky (London) and Maxim Litvinov (Washington) and appointed 34-year-old Andrei Gromyko as ambassador to Washington.

- 02Sep1943 Roosevelt/Churchill to Stalin: Report on Italian negotiations. "We are of course anxious that the Italian unconditional surrender be to the Soviet Union as well as to Britain and the United States."

- ["At Quebec, Roosevelt had finally compelled Churchill to agree that Britain would support a firm date of May 1, 1944, for the opening of the second front -- the cross-Channel invasion; Churchill, in favor of invading Europe through the Balkans, “the soft underbelly of Europe,” had long been sidestepping the issue." "On September 4, 1943, Stalin officially rescinded his antireligion policy."]
- 04Sep1943 FDR to Stalin: Continuing attempts to arrange tri-partite meeting; send Soviet officer to join British and Americans in Italian negotiations.
- 08Sep1943 Stalin to FDR: Wants full Soviet participation in Italian negotiations; suggests October 1943 meeting of three representatives in Moscow; suggests tri-partite meeting in Iran at later date.
- [On 08Sep1943 Badoglio government signed armistice; German army occupied Rome; General Mark Clark landed in Naples.]
- 09Sep1943 FDR to Stalin: Agrees to setting up of Military-Political Commission to meet in Algiers on Tuesday, 21Sep1943; agrees to three representative meeting in Moscow on Monday, 04Oct1943; agrees to tri-partite meeting at end of November 1943, but prefers Egypt to Teheran.
- 12Sep1943 Stalin to Roosevelt/Churchill: Mr. A.Y. Vishinsky appointed as Plenipotentiary and Mr. A.E. Bogamolov as Vice-Plenipotentiary to Military-Political Commission set for 25/30Sep1943 in Algiers; agrees to three representative meeting in Moscow on 04Oct1943; prefers to have tri-partite meeting in Teheran rather than Egypt.

- [Cordell Hull insisted that Sumner Welles be replaced as Undersecretary of State and, when Welles started to bad-mouth him in the press, Hull insisted that he personally attend the three representative meeting in Moscow with Molotov and Eden. Roosevelt tried to get the venue changed, but Stalin balked and Hull eventually reached Moscow on 18Oct1943, where he spent 16 days meeting with Molotov and Eden.]

- [There are several letters referring to the armistice agreement with Italy (not listed here). There are many more letters as to the location of the tri-partite conference between Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill. Roosevelt kept proposing several alternate locations, but Stalin kept insisting on Teheran. Eventually Roosevelt relented, such that the Teheran Conference took place on 28Nov1943 to 01Dec1943 at the Soviet Embassy. Stalin balked at sending Molotov to Cairo on 22Nov 1943 to meet with Chaing Kai-shek, presumably fearing that the Japanese would have an excuse to blockade ship traffic to Vladivostok.]

- [In Teheran, Roosevelt refused to meet with Churchill to discuss military matters and belittled Churchill during the whole conference. But Roosevelt met with Stalin personally at 3:00 PM, 28Nov1943 for 45 minutes during which he discussed "actions that would remove thirty to forty German divisions from the eastern front and offered Russia surplus merchant ships after the war was over."; French resistance leader Charles de Gaulle versus collaborator Petian. Harriman, Hopkins [Soviet agent] and interpreter Bohlen all reported that Stalin "respected" Roosevelt [W.Z. The useful idiot!].

- 29Nov1943 FDR to Stalin: 3 messages to discuss at the Conference -- (1) Airbases on USSR territory from which to better bomb Germany; (2) Airbases for bombing Japan from USSR territory; (3) "Advance Planning for Naval Operations in Northwestern Pacific" against Japan.

[W.Z. Although Roosevelt was pleased with the results, historians now agree that Stalin completely outmanouvered Roosevelt and Churchill in Teheran. Ironically, all three leaders became sick after they returned home. Stalin's advantage carried over into the Yalta Conference.]

- 23Jan1944 Roosevelt/Churchill to Stalin: Delay transfer of 2 Italian merchant ships, 8 destroyers and 4 submarines to Soviet Union as agreed in Teheran, because of possible mutiny in Italian navy. After much back and forth communication on this issue, Roosevelt and Churchill agreed to substitute American and British vessels.

- 07Feb1944 FDR to Stalin: re refusal of Polish government in London to accept the Curzon line as the Polish-Soviet border, "instead insisting on the frontier established by the Riga Treaty of 1921, which gave Poland the western Ukraine and western Byelorussia".
- 14Feb1944 Stalin to FDR: Bluntly refuses to give back Western Ukraine to Poland or recognize Polish government-in-exile. [There were further separate letters on 04Mar1944 to Roosevelt and Churchill on the Polish claim to Lviv, Ukraine and Vilno, Belarus.]

- [On 08Feb1944 Stalin agreed to set up 3 airbases in Ukraine at Poltava, Mirgorod and Pyryatin for American bombing raids against Germany.]

- 23Feb1944 FDR to Stalin: re establishment of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration [W.Z. Romerstein reveals that UNRRA was infiltrated with Soviet agents.], and other international organizations to promote international collaboration. [Stalin responds on 10Mar1944.]

POLAND-GERMAN-SOVIET BORDERS -- page 214 (235 of 382)
["Oskar Lange, a professor of economics at Chicago University who had left Poland in 1937 and become an American citizen, thought that if Poland were given parts of eastern Prussia in place of eastern Poland, which Russia claimed, the Polish nation would have a more homogeneous population. He favored the establishment of a more democratic Polish government than the Polish government-in-exile.
Father Stanislaus Orlemanski, born in America of Polish parents, pastor of Our Lady of the Holy Rosary Catholic Church in Springfield, Massachusetts, also considered the Polish government-in-exile insufficiently democratic. He had written to Stalin asking to meet with him to discuss the future of Poland. Stalin extended him an invitation to come to Moscow."]
- 08Mar1944 FDR to Stalin: "In accordance with your suggestion Dr. Lange and Father Orlemanski will be given passports in order to accept your invitation to proceed to the Soviet Union." [Stalin replies on 28Mar1944.]
- 23Mar1944 Stalin to Roosevelt/Churchill: sends blistering reply to Churchill's proposal that Polish-Soviet border question be delayed until after armistice.
- 06May1944 Stalin to Roosevelt: "I am extremely grateful for your assistance in permitting Reverend Stanislaus Orlemanski to come to Moscow."

- 08Mar1944 Churchill/Roosevelt to Stalin: re Italian merchant ships, destroyers, submarines. [Stalin responds on 17Mar1944.]

- ["The Joint Chiefs of Staff had requested and Roosevelt had authorized Brig. Gen. William J. Donovan, director of the Office of Strategic Services, to set up an OSS intelligence liaison mission with the NKVD and to offer to exchange information with them." Donovan went to Moscow to set it up, but Edgar Hoover and Admiral Leahy had it cancelled. (Romerstein demonstrates that the OSS was heavily infested with Soviet agents.)]
- 15Mar1944 FDR to Harriman: that Donovan's liaison with NKVD is "impracticable at this time".

- 20Mar1944, 25Mar1944, 31Mar1944, 06Apr1944: Exchange of letters re USSR participation in International Labor Organization conference.

- 18Apr1944 Churchill/Roosevelt to Stalin: informing that they will attack Italy in mid-May 1944. [Stalin acknowledges on 22Apr1944.]

- 12May1944 Roosevelt/Churchill to Stalin: re attack on Italy and planned attack on France. [Stalin responds on 15May1944.]

- 23May1944 Roosevelt to Stalin: sending a proposed draft statement to encourage German people to surrender, which Britain rejected and Stalin rejected on 26May1944 and Roosevelt conceded on 27May1944 and 30May1944.

- ["The Normandy invasion, Operation overlord, involving more than 5,000 ships and more than 600,000 American, British and Canadian soldiers, began at dawn on June 6, 1944."]
- 07Jun1944 Stalin to FDR: informing that Soviet summer offensive will commence in mid-June 1944. [Roosevelt replies on 07Jun1944; Stalin further informs on developments on 21Jun1944, which Roosevelt acknowledges on 22Jun1944.]

POLAND-SOVIET BORDER -- Page 236 (257 of 382)
- ["Premier Sikorski had died in a plane accident at Gibraltar in 1943 and been replaced by Stanislaw Mikolajczyk, head of the Polish Peasant Party, who did not share the prevailing antagonism of the Polish government-in-exile toward the Soviet Union. Mikolajczyk had written the president a long letter in early April emphasizing how much he desired to meet with him. Roosevelt, concerned that Stalin might misinterpret such a meeting and needing the marshal’s
undivided attention to be fixed on positioning the Russian Army to draw off German forces during and after the Normandy invasion, put off meeting with Mikolajczyk until the day after the invasion took place. The president gave a dinner in honor of the Polish premier and met with him four times. He told him that he favored the return of Lwow to Poland and urged Mikolajczyk to replace some of the people in his cabinet. As a result on June 20 it was announced that the reputedly anti-Soviet Gen. Kazimierz Sosnkovsky, whom Stalin had objected to in his message of February 16 to Roosevelt, was to be removed as successor designate to the Polish presidency, although he continued to serve as commander in chief of the Polish forces. After this message and another from Churchill, Stalin agreed to meet with Mikolajczyk."]
- 17Jun1944 Roosevelt via Gromyko to Stalin: reporting on his talks with Stanislaw Mikolajczyk.
- 24Jun1944 Stalin to Roosevelt: regarding Mikolajczyk and Soviet-Polish relations with some reservations re borders.
- 23Jul1944 Stalin to Churchill/Roosevelt: re the Polish question and meeting with Mikolajczyk. [Roosevelt acknowledges on 27Jul1944.]
- 09Aug1944 Stalin to Roosevelt/Churchill: reporting on meeting with Mikolajczyk on 03Aug1944 to form provisional government with "Lublin Poles". Suggests Oscar Lange could also join. [Harriman reports views of Molotov and Stettinius on 11Aug1944 comments on Professor Lange.]
- 12Aug1944 FDR to Stalin: commenting on Mikolajczyk and Lange.
- 20Aug1944 FDR to Stalin: urging him to drop supplies to the Warsaw-uprising fighters or allow the Americans to do so. [On 22Aug1944 Stalin demonizes the Warsaw guerrillas and refuses help.]
- [On 24Nov1944 Mikolajczyk resigned as prime minister of the Polish government-in-exile, because of "the opposition of other cabinet ministers in his government to the ceding of any territory to Russia, and the insistence of the Soviet Union that the Soviet-backed Lublin faction have majority representation in the new government." Despite public pressure by Churchill and Roosevelt, Polish hardliners refused to yield.]
- 16Dec1944 FDR to Stalin: asking him to refrain from recognizing the Lublin Committee as a government of Poland.
- 18Dec1944 U.S State Department press release: re Poland supports Polish independence; boundaries left in abeyance until hostilities cease; refers to transfer of national groups.
- 27Dec1944 Stalin to FDR: accuses Polish emigres of terrorist acts against soldiers and officers of the Red Army -- "underground agents of the Polish émigré government"have been arrested. Arciszewski is even worse than Mikolajczyk.

- 17Jul1944 FDR to Stalin: proposes a meeting in Scotland between 10 and 15Sep1944, but on 22Jul1944 Stalin considers this absolutely impossible and on 27Jul1944 Roosevelt acknowledges Stalin's decision. [Stalin responded on 02Aug1944 to Roosevelt's 28Jul1944 message re proposed meeting and Polish question.]

- 19Aug1944 FDR to Stalin: planning for future joint cooperation in the Pacific Theatre (Japan). [Stalin acknowledges on 22Aug1944.]

- [The Dumbarton Oaks Conference to establish the United Nations was held in Washington, D.C. from 21Aug1944 to 07Oct1944.]
- 31Aug1944 FDR to Stalin: re Soviet proposal that all 16 constituent republics of the Soviet Union be members of United Nations (not just Russia, Ukraine and Belarus). [Stalin responds on 07Sep1944 supporting the concept.]
- 08Sep1944 FDR to Stalin: reports on discussion with Gromyko and reiterates opposition to 16 votes for the USSR.
- 05Dec1944 FDR to Stalin: outlines a very detailed voting procedure in the United Nations Security Council.
- 26Dec1944 Stalin to FDR: rejecting Roosevelt's voting procedure which calls for an "affected party" to abstain from voting. Insists on unanimity.
- 29Dec1944 FDR to Stalin: Disappointed in Stalin's reply and does not want Moscow to recognize the Lublin Committee; whereas the rest of the world recognizes the government-in-exile in London.
- 01Jan1945 Stalin to FDR: Regrets Roosevelt's position. "The fact is that on December 27 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to an appropriate request of the Poles has already informed them that it intends to recognize the Provisional Government of Poland as soon as it is formed."

- 18Sep1944 U.S. and Britain to Stalin: Summary of war plans arrived at the just-concluded Quebec Conference -- North West Europe; Italy; Balkans; Japan.
[Stalin responds on 29Sep1944 outlining plans for the Baltics and Hungary.]

- 04Oct1944 Roosevelt to Stalin: re forthcoming meeting between Churchill and Stalin in Moscow, where he asked that Ambassador Harriman be an observer. [Separately, he instructed Harriman to report everything to him and Hull.]
- 08Oct1944 Stalin to Roosevelt: Expressing surprise that Churchill had not coordinated plans with Roosevelt.
- [At the meeting Churchill baldly proposed dividing up the Balkans -- 90% Soviet dominance in Romania and 70% in Bulgaria, 50%-50% in Yugoslavia and Hungary; and  90% British dominance in Greece. Stalin simply took out his blue pencil and made a check mark on it.]
- 10Oct1944 Stalin/Churchill to Roosevelt: reporting on their discussions. "We have invited Messrs. Mikolajczyk, Romer and Grabski to come at once for further conversations with the Polish National Committee."
- 19Oct1944 Stalin to Roosevelt: Reporting on conversations with Churchill and proposing a tri-partite meeting on the Soviet Black Sea coast at the end of November 1944. [On 23Oct1944 Roosevelt responds and suggests Malta, Athens or Cyprus on a ship for the tri-partite meeting; Stalin responds positively on 29Oct1944.]
- 18Nov1944 FDR to Stalin: proposes tri-partite meeting 28/30Jan1945 at a plethora of possible locations. [On 23Nov1944 Stalin suggests one of the Soviet port cities.]
- 22Jan1945 FDR to Stalin: heading for Yalta; no press representatives to be allowed. [Acknowledged by Stalin on 23Jan1945.]
- ["On the afternoon of February 4, 1945 Stalin and Molotov called on Roosevelt." -- They were all happy to see each other again.]
- [Roosevelt "said that there were six or seven million Poles in the United States who wanted Lwow and the oilfields there to be part of Poland, although they accepted the Curzon Line as the eastern frontier."]
- 06Feb1945 FDR to Stalin: making another effort to create an Polish provisional government acceptable to all. Invite Bierut and Osobk-Morawski of Lublin government, as well as 2 or 3 of Bishop Sapieha, Vincente Witos, Zurlowski, Buyak, Kutzeba to Yalta.
- 07Feb1945 FDR to Stalin: American bombing raids on Germany require airbases in the Budapest area; require survey of targets bombed by U.S. aircraft to determine effectiveness.
- 10Feb1945 Roosevelt to Stalin: re number of votes in U.N. Security Council. [On 11Feb1945 Stalin replies that he would support 3 votes for the U.S.]
- 10Feb1945 Roosevelt to Stalin: re dismembering Japan. Sakhalin and Kurile Islands; Port Arthur, Darien a free port; lease of Manchurian railroads, autonomy of Outer Mongolia; USSR will join China in war against Japan.
- 12Feb1945 FDR to Stalin: thanking him for hospitality at Yalta Conference.

Charles de Gaulle
- 20Oct1944 Roosevelt to Stalin: "By this action Gen. Charles de Gaulle was recognized as the leader of the provisional government of France." [Stalin responds positively on 22Oct1944.]
- 09Nov1944 Stalin to FDR: congratulating him on winning his 4th term in Presidential election. [Roosevelt thanks him on 10Nov1944.]
- 02Dec1944 Stalin to FDR: re Charles de Gaulle pending visit to Moscow; the Franco-Soviet pact and possible change in eastern frontier of France. Asks Roosevelt's advice.
- 03Dec1944 Stalin to FDR: reporting on de Gaulle visit as forecast above. [Roosevelt acknowledges on 06Dec1944.]
- 10Dec1944 Stalin to Roosevelt: "Today the Franco-Soviet Pact was signed."

[page 298 (319 of 382)]
- 03Mar1945 FDR to Stalin: re American POWs; requests permission for 10 American aircraft in Poltava to evacuate stranded Americans from Poland
- 05Mar1945 Stalin to FDR: denies permission saying all 1200 American POWs in Poland have been sent to Odesa.
- 17Mar1945 FDR to Stalin: insists that there are many Americans still in Poland requiring evacuation; General Deane was denied permission to survey the situation.
- 22Mar1945 Stalin to FDR: insists all American former POWs have been evacuated to Odesa.
- [On 12Mar1945 Harriman informed Molotov of pending surrender discussions between General Karl Wolff and Allen Dulles OSS chief in Switzerland. Molotov wanted Soviet officers to participate in these discussions. The Americans refused and Molotov withdrew his participation in the San Francisco Conference.]
- 24Mar1945 FDR to Stalin: regrets lack of Molotov participation at the San Francisco Conference.
- 24Mar1945 FDR to Stalin: Once informed of the surrender negotiations and Molotov's anger, Roosevelt tries to mollify the situation.
- 27Mar1945 Stalin to FDR: says that Molotov really can't attend and that Gromyko is capable of representing Soviet interests.
- 29Mar1945 Stalin to FDR: repeats that he wants Russians involved in any surrender negotiations.
- 31Mar1945 FDR to Stalin: rejects his argumentation.
-31Mar1945 FDR to Stalin: long letter re the Polish question.
- 03Apr1945 Stalin to FDR: claims that he has information that surrender negotiations with the Germans have indeed taken place. Marshal Kesselring has agreed to open the front and allow Anglo-American troops to advance to the East. Stalin does not understand British silence in this matter. "As a result of this at the present moment the Germans on the Western front in fact have ceased the war against England and the United States."
- 04Apr1945 FDR to Stalin: Contradicts Stalin and "Frankly I cannot avoid a feeling of bitter resentment toward your informers, whoever they are, for such vile misrepresentations of my actions or those of my trusted subordinates."
- 07Apr1945 Stalin to FDR: Further discussions on the surrender questions.
- 07Apr1945 Stalin to FDR: long letter on the Polish question.
- 11Apr1945 FDR to Stalin: thanking him for Bern explanation.

- 11Apr1945 13:15 hrs Roosevelt said "I have a terrific pain in the back of my head", lost conciousness and died at 15:30 hrs 11Apr1945.

[The first meeting between Molotov and President Harry Truman was disatrous:
“That will be all, Mr. Molotov. I would appreciate it if you would transmit my views to Mr. Stalin.”
“I have never been talked to like that in my life,” Molotov replied.
“Carry out your agreements, and you won’t get talked to like that,” shot back Truman.]